What Is a Full-Stack Developer?
A full-stack developer is a developer or engineer who can build both the front end and the back end of a website. The front end (the parts of a website a user sees and interacts with) and the back end (the behind-the-scenes data storage and processing) require different skill sets. Since full-stack developers are involved with all aspects of the development process, they must have expertise in both.
A full-stack developer can work in-house or at a computer development company that engineers websites, software, and other components for other businesses.
What does a full-stack developer do?
Full-stack developers design and create websites and applications for various platforms. A full-stack developer’s job description might include the following:
Develop and maintain web services and interfaces
Contribute to front-end and back-end development processes
Build new product features or APIs
Perform tests, troubleshoot software, and fix bugs
Collaborate with other departments on projects and sprints
The world of full-stack development is large, and many new and evolving technologies continually push the limits of what a full-stack developer can create. Staying on top of cutting-edge technology and techniques in the full-stack development field is one of the many exciting aspects of working in this role.
According to LinkedIn’s 2020 Emerging Jobs Report, the industries with the most full-stack developer jobs are:
Information technology and services
Full-stack developer skills
Full-stack developers may be creative, graphically inclined, internet- and tech-savvy, and have excellent attention to detail. You’ll want to learn the following skills to have a career in full-stack development:
Back-end development skills entail using back-end programming languages like Python, PHP, Ruby on Rails, and CakePHP and understanding how algorithms and business logic work. You can enhance your back-end development skills to prepare for a full-stack developer role with Meta’s Back-End Developer Professional Certificate.
Web design includes using software such as Photoshop to create and design graphics and themes. It’ll be helpful to familiarize yourself with basic UI (user interface) design principles to help you create navigational elements, backgrounds, and audio and video elements.
Database management skills are required for full-stack developers, though it is part of the skills needed for back-end web development. A full-stack developer should be able to design, understand, and manipulate database queries and web storage.
As a full-stack developer, you may need to know your way around some of the following programming languages and tools:
Apache HTTP Server
Microsoft SQL Server
Ruby on Rails
Why pursue a career in full-stack development?
A career in full-stack development combines creativity with analysis. As a full-stack developer, you’ll have plenty of opportunities to learn and implement innovative principles in your work.
Average salary and job outlook
As of October 2022, the average annual salary of a full-stack developer is $81,188, according to Glassdoor. This figure does not include bonuses, commissions, or other additional payments that may be offered to a full-stack developer on a yearly basis. The estimated additional pay for this role is $5,915 per year.
The job outlook for full-stack developers is bright. According to LinkedIn’s 2020 Emerging Jobs Report, rapid changes in technology have made full-stack developers valuable assets in companies. The profession has grown 35 percent a year since 2015 and appears to continue on that trend into the near future.
How to become a full-stack developer
Consider earning a degree.
72% of software developers hold a bachelor’s degree, although it’s not a strict requirement . Full-stack developers typically study computer science, computer engineering, or a related field. A degree can hone the technical and workplace skills necessary to be an effective full-stack engineer.
Research entry-level roles.
There are various levels of full-stack development jobs. Search for junior or entry-level positions on job sites to understand what skills employers are looking for in applicants.
Develop your coding skills.
Build a portfolio.
It can be challenging to showcase your skill set on a resume without hands-on experience. A portfolio shows potential employers what you’re capable of by highlighting your best work. Gather projects you’ve completed through coursework or previous jobs. Include screenshots, and describe the technologies you used and your role in each.
Practice technical interview questions.
Interviews for tech-related roles often include a technical portion. During this part of the interview, you may be asked to complete a live coding exercise, design challenge, or take-home assessment.
Glossary of full-stack developer terms
Full-stack development is full of unique terms. Below you will find a few of the frequent ones:
Angular JS: An open-source web application framework that Google maintains
API: Software that allows two applications to exchange information, short for Application Programming Interface
Bootstrap: An open-source collection of front-end tools to create websites and apps
Flask: A micro-web application framework, written in Python
Framework: A layered structure that provides a foundation for developing software applications
Open-source software (OSS): Software that has a source code that can be modified, distributed, or integrated into other projects freely
PHP: Short for Hypertext Preprocessor, a server-side (back-end) scripting language for web development
Python: A general-purpose, high-level programming language
Stack: A set of tools and technologies that developers use to do their jobs